RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 10 Social Justice

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 10 Social Justice

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 10 Social Justice are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 10 Social Justice.

Board RBSE
Class Class 8
Subject Social Science
Chapter Chapter 10
Chapter Name Social Justice
Number of Questions Solved 10
Category RBSE Solutions

Rajasthan Board Class 10 Science Textbook Questions Solved

Question .1

  1. Main cause of economic disparities in the society is-
    (a) Labour disparity
    (b) Disparity in qualification
    (c) Disparity in opportunities
    (d) Disparity in efforts
  2. Main reason for inequalities or disparities of opportunities is-
    (a) Prejudices
    (b) stereotypes
    (c) Discrimination
    (d) All of the above
  3. The responsibility of bringing social changes is:
    (a) Person
    (b) Society
    (c) Government
    (d) All of these

Answers :

  1. (c)
  2. (d)
  3. (d)

Question 2.
Match column ‘A’ with the column ‘B’

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 10 Social Justice 1
Answers :
(i) (d)
(ii) (c)
(iii) (a)
(iv) (b)

Question .3
Fill in the blanks

  1. ……………….. is the extreme form of caste system.
  2. Inflexible, rigid and prejudice concepts are known as………………..
  3. 80% poor people of the world depend for their livelihood on…………..% resources.

Answers :

  1.  Preconceived
  2.  Untouchability
  3.  20%

Question .4
What are the main causes for economic disparities in society?
Answer :
Causes of Economic Disparity are:

  1. Many people believe that lack of hard work and adequate qualifications or abilities are the main cause of poverty among many.
  2. According to the fatalists the prejudices and their blind beliefs are the main cause of poverty.
  3. Another and most appropriate course is lack of equal opportunities. All do not have access to various opportunities inspite of their abilities and qualifications.

Question .5
What is social boycott? What are its effects?
Answer :
Social boycott refers to segregate an individual or a community of individuals from the society by adopting various tactics. They are not given access to all those opportunities available to others and are kept at bay. The people so segregated from the society, feel neglected and uncared for and they too adopt an attitude of isolation and make no attempt to get mixed up with others and avail of the opportunities available to the others. Consequently the whole society is affected adversely.

Question .6
Categorise different concepts or beliefs about social inequality.
Answer :
Different beliefs about-social inequality:

  1. Prejudices or Misconceptions: There are many who believe in self-founded or traditionally and conventionally founded concepts. They believe in here says and make no effort to change their pre-conceived mindset.
  2. Rigid and Inflexible attitudes: No reason or logic can make some communities or groups convinced. They look down upon some of the social groups and this practice continues to be followed for the ages. For example, during the British rule some of the castes were declared as inferior to others and they were restricted to particular areas. They were declared criminals and were debarred from many facilities available to others. It is however highly condemnable and unjustified act.
  3. Discrimination among various people and communities in the society: The
    policy of discriminating individual and communities from each other means denying various opportunities to the victims of such discrimination.

Question .7
What steps have been taken by the government to promote social justice? Explain
Answer :
The government is working for the social, economic and political reforms in the society as-

  1. The government has listed the deprived and the backward communities into three categories as:
    • The Scheduled Castes which includes the most backward castes of the deprived or the disadvantaged.
    • The Scheduled tribes which includes Adivasis.
    • The other backward classes which includes socially, economically and educationally backward castes.
  2. As stated below, seats have been reserved for them in various public sectors:
    • In the central and the state legislatures seats are reserved for the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes, and in the local bodies for the other backward classes and women. Reservation has been provided for them even in the government services and the educational institutions. The same principle of reservation is applicable in many enterprises. Some of the schemes have been started for them only and in some others they are given priority.
    • Laws have been enacted to abolish untouchability practice and caste discrimination. The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989 has been amended to make more stringent punishment provisions to check violence and atrocities against these classes in the society.
    • To check domestic, violence, more strict laws have been enacted. Constitution provides for equal opportunities of livelihood for men and women and also equal pay for equal work.
    • Child labour has been declared illegal and primary education has been declared free and compulsory for all.
    • 5.Seats are reserved in services for the disadvantaged, and many welfare schemes have been planned for them.
    • The religious and the linguistic minorities have the constitutional right to safeguard and conserve their own culture, language and script. They can promote them through their own educational institutions

RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Additional Questions Solved

Question 1.
What do you understand by the term prejudice?
Answer :
Prejudice is belief which is based on rumours, tales, and hearsay without knowing the true facts and observation.

Question 2.
What is rigidity?
Answer :
Rigidity is such a concept which keeps the group of all people in one class. In a rigid society, people are victims of such prejudices which are harsh and unchangeable.

Question 3.
What is discrimination?
Answer :
Discrimination is a kind of behaviour which is done by one person or a community with the other, under which members of one group are denied to those opportunities, which are open to the members of other group. The logic behind such behaviour is not the original cause but the other causes.

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