RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 12 Our Constitution are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 12 Our Constitution.
Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 12 Our Constitution
|Chapter Name||Our Constitution|
|Number of Questions Solved||13|
Our constitution Textbook Questions Solved
Choose the right options
1. India is republic because
(A) India has independent judiciary
(B) India is a secular state
(C) President is elected, not hereditary
(D) Prime Minister is the head of government
2. Constitution of India was enacted on
(A) 28th November, 1949
(B) 26th January, 1930
(C) 26th January, 1950
(D) 28th July, 1950
Discribe the types of constitution.
Constitution may be:
1. Written constitution: The constitution whose provision are in written form, they are called written constitution. Example: India and U.S.A.
2. Unwritten constitution: The constitution whose provision are not written but are in the form of traditions are called unwritten constitutions. Example: Britain.
Who was the chairman of drafting committee?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committe of the constitution.
Who was the permanent chairman of constituent assembly?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the permanent chairman of the constituent assembly.
What was the duration of making our constitution?
It took 2 years, 11 months 18 days to make the constitution for India.
Why is India is called a secular state?
India is known a secular state because it has no state religion and all the religions and sects in the country are equally regarded and safeguarded. People have freedom to choose, follow, profess and propagate any religion, sect or belief of their choice.
State the process of drafting our constitution.
For preparing the Constitution of India, the Constituent Assembly was formed in July, 1946, comprising 296 elected representatives and 93 members from the Indian states (i.e. Riyasats) nominated by the rulers. Rajasthan state had its 14 members in the Constituent Assembly. On 9th December, 1946 Sachchidanand Sinha was elected as the temporary chairman in its first meeting on 13th December, 1949.
Pt. Jawharlal Nehru presented the ‘objectives proposal’, which was passed unanimously on 22nd January 1947. A drafting committee with Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its Chairman was formed to prepare the constitution. This drafting committee prepared the constitution in 2 years 11 months and 18 days in 114 meetings. The Constituent Assembly passed it on 26th November 1949 and it was enforced in the country on 26th January 1950. The government of India has declared 26th November as the Constitution Day. 26th November, 2015 was celebrated as the Constitution Day in the whole country.
What are the salient features of Indian constitution? Describe briefly.
Features of the Indian Constitution are:
1. The longest and a written constitution: It is the lengthiest one. It has a preamble, 395 articles and 8 schedules, it is divided into 22 parts. It has been amended more than 100 times. After amendments at present (year 2013) it has 465 articles and 12 schedules.
2. Preamble: It is a preface and introduction to the Constitution. It is a part of constitution. It contains the extract of Constitution.
3. Inspiration sources: Many things from the Constitution of other nations are included in our Constitution after making changes according to our needs. Like- fundamental rights, and concept of Independent Judiciary from the constitution of U.S.A, Directive Principles of State policy from Ireland and Parliamentary system of administration from Britain.
4. Secularism: India is a secular state. It means that India is a land of all religions, sects and beliefs. State makes no discrimination on the basis of religion. All are free to profess, propagate and practice their own religious faith and belief.
5. Socialism: Indian constitution talks about equality in social, economic and political fields for all Indian citizens. In these fields no discrimination will be made against any citizen. For this our constitution has made many provisions by which socially and economically backward people could get equal and special opportunities.
6. Democratic Republic: According to Constitution India is a democratic government elected by the people. The elected government works by keeping itself accountable to the people. Head of the Indian Union is President who is elected indirectly by the people, and is not a hereditary. Hence our nation is called a Republic.
7. Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties: In our constitution six fundamental rights are given to the citizens for their development and make them free from the exploitation. Beside these fundamental rights, 11 fundamental duties are also assigned, which are expected to be followed by the citizens.
8. Directive Principles of State Policy: Keeping in view the welfare of the people, in constitution directions are given to the government for making laws and policies for the economic and social development of the people which are called as Directive Principles of State Policy. Its function is to promote economic and social democracy. Its aim is to establish a welfare state in India. It is not legally protected and can’t be implemened forcibly by the law.
9. Federal Administrative System: Our constitution establishes the system of Federal administrative system.
Governments lave been constituted at the union and the state level, division of powers, written constitution, Independent judiciary etc. States of the Indian Union have no right to secede from India.
10. Parliamentary Administration System: By the constitution, Parliamentary system is adopted in the country. In which Executive is accountable to the legislature in their system. The President is the Constitutional head. Real powers are vested in the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Council of Ministers is accountable to the Lok Sabha (lower house) directly elected by the people.
11. Independent Judiciary: The Indian Judiciaiy is independent of Legislature and Executive so as to deliver impartial justice to the people.
12. Flexible and Rigid: Our constitution can be amended neither rigidly nor flexibly. Some amendments can be made by simple majority while some need the approval of the specific majority.
13. Single citizenship: We Indians have the right to Indian Citizenship only. No one can have the citizenship of another country along with the citizenship of India. It increases the unity in the country.
14. Universal Adult Franchise: All the Indian citizens 18 years old or above have the right to vote without any discrimination.
Our constitution Additional Questions Solved
I. Our constitution Multiple Choice Questions
1. …… is the Constitutional head of our country.
(A) Prime Minister
2. Our constitution guarantees ……….. fundamental rights.
Fill in the blanks
1. The Constituent Assembly was created as a result of ……….. plan.
2. ………. is an introduction to the constitution.
3. Every citizen of India who is ……… years and above age can be a voter.
4. ………. is the lower house of the Parliament.
- Cabinet mission
- Lok Sabha
II. Our constitution Short Answer Type Questions
What is constitution?
To run the administration of a nation certain rules and working system are needed. The format of organisation of a government, citizens rights and duties are decided and formulated by these rules. The government makes the law for the citizens. It also works to protect these rights and their implementation. If such rules and laws are not there, peace and law and order would be spoilt in the whole nation and society. Hence a collection of rules and laws which directs the administration, an individual and relations between them is called constitution.
What is universal adult franchise?
All the Indian citizens 18 years old or above have the right to vote, without any discrimination. Our constitution is a symbol of aspirations of the people and a unique Constitution of the world.
Mention any four features of Parliamentary government.
1. Government at union and state level.
2. Division of power between state and union government.
3. Written Constitution.
4. Independent judiciaiy.
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