RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 14 Union Government

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 14 Union Government are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 14 Union Government.

Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 14 Union Government

Board RBSE
Class 8
Subject Social Science
Chapter Chapter 14
Chapter Name Union Government
Number of Questions Solved 26
Category RBSE Solutions

Union Government Text Book Question Solved

Question 1.
Choose the correct option:
1. Characteristics of Union system is:
(A) Division of Powers
(B) Centralisation of Powers
(C) Absence of Independence of Judiciary
(D) Totalitarian government
(A) Division of Powers

2. Which is not the part of the Parliament:
(A) Rajya Sabha
(B) Lok Sabha
(C) President
(D) Governor
(A) Rajya Sabha

Question 2.
How many States and Union Territories are there in India?
29 States and 7 Union Territories.

Question 3.
How many members are nominated by the President in the Lok Sabha?
Two (02)

Question 4.
To whom union of council of minister are collectively responsible?
The Lok Sabha.

Question 5.
How is President elected in India?
President of India is elected by an electoral college comprising the elected members of both the houses of the Parliament and those of the Legislative Assembles of the states and union territories. Thus he is elected indirectly through proportional representation and single transferable vote system.

Question 6.
Explain the composition of Lok Sabha?
Lok Sabha is the house of people’s representatives of the Parliament, which is also called as lower house. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected by the people on the basis of right of adult franchise. It’s maximum number of members could be 552. At present there are 545 members in the Lok Sabha, out of them 530 from the states, 13 from union territories and 2 members are nominated by the President. It’s tenure is of 5 years, but Council of Ministers can demand or request the to President for its dismissal or dissolve before this time period. Hence, it is also called as temporary house.

Question 7.
Write two reasons for accepting Parliamentary system in India.
Two reasons for adopting Parliamentary government in India:

  • It is an accountable system by administration, hence better than other forms of government.
  • There is a constant coordination between the Executive and the Legislature. Executive is formed by the members from the Legislature and the former is accountable to the later.

Question 8.
What are the Powers of the President?
Powers of the President of India:
General Powers:

  • He summons sessions of the Parliament and addresses its first session.
  • He signs all the bills passed by the Parliament.
  • He issues ordinances when the Parliament is not in session.
  • He appoints Prime Minister, members of council of ministers, governors, judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts as well as other important high officials of the country.
  • All international treaties and pacts are signed under the name and seal of the President.
  • He is the highest defence authority-The commander-in-chief. He appoints the chief of infantry, navy and air force and declares war and its end or ceasefire.
  • He has the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remission of punishment.

Emergency Powers of the President:

  • Proclamation of National Emergency due to war or armed rebellion or external aggression (Article 352).
  • Proclamation of constitutional emergency due to failure of constitutional machinery in the state (Article 356).
  • Failure of Financial emergency due to threat to financial stability (Article 360).

Question 9.
Describe the powers of Prime Minister.
Powers of the Prime-Minister:

  • He/she advises President in making appointments of ministers.
  • He distributes and redistributes work to the ministers.
  • He chairs cabinet meetings, controls, directs and coordinates the work of different ministerial departments.
  • As a leader of the majority party he works as a leader of the house.
  • He communicates to the President on important constitutional matters and executive decisions.
  • He acts’ as a bridge or a link between the President and council of ministers. In fact he is the head of the council of ministers. His resignation means resignation of the whole council of ministers.

Union Government Additional Questions Solved

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
Chose the correct option:
1. The law making body of country is known as ………..
(A) Parliament
(B) Constituent Assembly
(C) Upper house
(D) Government
(A) Parliament

2. ………….. is the integral part of the parliament.
(A) Government
(B) Army
(C) President
(D) Parliament
(C) President

3. ……………. selects the members of the council of ministers.
(A) President
(B) Governor
(C) Prime Minister
(D) Chief Minister
(C) Prime Minister

4. If ……………. signs the bill it becomes law.
(A) Governor
(B) President
(C) Chief Minister
(D) Parliament
(B) President

5. ………………. summons both the houses of the Parliament.
(A) Prime Minister
(B) President
(C) Chief Minister
(D) Vice President
(C) Chief Minister

Question 2.
Match the following

Column A Column B
1. Prime Minister A. Ordinance
2. President B. Upper House
3. Lok Sabha D. President
4. Rajya Sabha D. Lower house
5. Impeachment E. Links between the president and the cabinet.


Column A Column B
1. Prime Minister E. Links between the president and the cabinet.
2. The President A. Ordinance
3. Lok Sabha D. Lower house
4. Rajya Sabha B. Upper House
5. Impeachment C. President

Question 3.
Fill in the Blanks
1. To become a member of Lok Sabha, a person should not be less than ………………… years of age
2. …………………. allocates portfolios among the ministers.
3. The governor of the state is appointed by the ……………………….
4. ……………………… can dissolve the Lok Sabha.
5. In the case of vacancy created for the president’s post due to death, resignation, removal etc. The…………discharges his duties.
1. 25 years
2. Prime Minister
3. President
4. President
5. Vice President

Union Government Very Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
Name the three components of Indian Parliament.
1. Legislature
2. Executive
3. Judiciary

Question 2.
What is the strength of Rajya Sabha?

Question 3.
How many members are nominated in Rajya Sabha?

Question 4.
Which house of the parliament is called house of the people?
Lok Sabha

Question 5.
What is the total strength of Lok Sabha?

Question 6.
Who appoints the Prime Minister?

Question 7.
Who is the chairperson of Rajya Sabha?
Vice president

Union Government Short Answer Type Questions

Question l.
What is impeachment?
A procedure through which president, vice President, Chief Justice of Supreme Court can be removed before the expiry of their tenure.

Question 2.
Name the three categories of the ministers.
1. Cabinet minister
2. State minister
3. Deputy minister

Question 3.
What is the process of election of President and Vice President?
Indirect proportional representation and single transferable vote system.

Question 4.
What are the features of the Union Administrative System?
Features of Union administrative system-

  • Supremacy of constitution
  • Bicameral legislature
  • Written constitution
  • Division of Administrative powers between the Centre and States
  • Dual administrative set-up
  • Independent and impartial judiciary

Question 5.
What is parliament?
The parliament is the law making body in parliamentary democracy. It is the supreme sovereign in legislative organ of the government.

Question 6.
Define cabinet?
A cabinet is a body of high ranking members of the government typically representing the executive branch.

Question 7.
Name the components of the Parliament?

  • The President of the Union.
  • The Rajya Sabha i.e. the upper house or Council of States.
  • The Lok Sabha i.e. the lower house or the house of the people.

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