RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 15 Law and Indian Judiciary

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 15 Law and Indian Judiciary are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 15 Law and Indian Judiciary.

Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 15 Law and Indian Judiciary

Board RBSE
Class 8
Subject Social Science
Chapter Chapter 15
Chapter Name Law and Indian Judiciary
Number of Questions Solved 24
Category RBSE Solutions

Law and Indian Judiciary Text Book Question Solved

Question 1.
Choose the right option:
1. Which of the following is related to civil case:
(A) Robbery
(B) Distribution of Property
(C) Rent
(D) Registration of Marriage

2. What is the aim of legal literacy camp for public:
(A) To provide legal information
(B) To impart knowledge of letter
(C) To provide adult education
(D) To make them an advocate
1 (A)
2. (A)

Question 2.
What do you name the act when a person filed a case in upper court against the decision of lower court?
Appellate Jurisdiction.

Question 3.
Where is the Rajasthan High court and its bench located?
High court at Jodhpur and Bench in Jaipur.

Question 4.
Write the essential qualification for judges of Supreme Court?
Eligibility qualifications of the Supreme Court Judges are:

  • He should be the citizen of India.
  • He should have worked form least 5 years as a judge in the High court or should have worked continuously for 10 years as an advocate in the High court.
  • He should be a distinguished jurist (i.e. law expert) in the eyes of the President.

Question 5.
What do you mean by Lok Adalat?
Due to increasing numbers of cases in the courts decisions of the disputes couldn’t occur for many years. Late injustice means not getting justice with the objective of providing speedy justice in some of the special case’s which have severity in nature Fast Track Courts are established. In these courts hearing of the cases is done every day continuously and speedy decision or judgments are made. Lok Adalat is different from the regular courts. It settles the public disputes through mutual consents, and hence saves public time and expenses. Its decisions are not subject to be appealed in any other court and are bound on the parties to the dispute.

Question 6.
What is Public Interest Litigation?
PIL stands for Public Interest Litigation. When a case is filed for hearing in the court by the person or the organisation other than the sufferer, who can not seek the protection of law for his/her fundamental rights because of the adverse situations as poverty, illiteracy or ignorance. PIL can be initiated in the High Court or the Supreme Court. Court can also itself invite any case of public significance for its hearing.

Question 7.
What do you mean by judicial review?
Judicial Review it means that the Supreme court can declare null and void any government law or order which is unconstitutional or which contravenes the constitutional provisions.

Question 8.
What are the points government consider before making law?
Laws are enacted by the government by keeping following things in mind:
1. Maintenance of Law and order. It is the basic duty of the government to frame laws to maintain peace and order. For example, there is IPC (Indian Penal Code) to determine the process of law to check crime in the state/country.

2. Public Demand i.e. sometimes laws are enacted on the demand by public organisations or various social groups. Domestic anti violence Act was enacted on the similar basis to check women-violence. Similarly the Right to Information Act, 2005 was passed to respect the public sentiments.

The campaign had been started by the labourers and the peasants of the village Dev Doongari of Bheem Tehsil in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. They wanted to see the government record related to their labour, attendance and wages, and to get the copies of such a record. Gradually this campaign became the national campaign. Hence the Right to Information Act, 2005 had to be enacted.

Question 9.
What is the Jurisdication of the Supreme Court?
Jurisdiction power of the Supreme Court of India are:
1. Original Jurisdiction:

  • Disputes related to citizens Fundamental Rights.
  • Disputes between the central and the state governments and
  • Disputes between the states.

2. Appellate Jurisdictions: In the following matters, appeal can be made in the Supreme Court against the decisions of the High courts

  • Constitutional matters i.e. matters involving disputes over the interpretation of the constitution.
  • Civil cases: matters relating to land, property, marriage, divorce, rent, contracts etc.
  • Criminal cases: Matters related to theft, crime, murder, robbery etc.

3. Guardian of Constitution and Fundamental Rights:

  • Any government law which contravenes the constitutional provisions can be declared invalid by the Supreme Court. This is called Judicial Review power of the Supreme Court.
  • Supreme Court acts as a guardian and protector of fundamental rights of the citizens in case of their violation by individual or authority.
  • The supreme court is also a Court of Record. It’s all judgements are published. These judgements are used in lower Courts as case law in various cases.

Question 10
What is the objective of traffic laws?
The objective of traffic rules are:

  • To introduce the present system of how to drive vehicles on the road and road safety.
  • How to protect ourselves from road accident.
  • Training how to drive vehicles.
  • Introduction of traffic rules.

Question 11 .
Write in brief about the present traffic rules of India?
Traffic rules to be followed are:
1. Having attained the age of 18 years and possessing driving licence which should be always in the possession of driver otherwise fine has to be paid if a minor is caught doing driving then he would be punished by charging Rupees 300/- and owner of the vehicle by Rupees 1000/-. If a minor has done an accident then case is filed under I.P.C Article 304 or 337 and he can be sent to children rehabilitation center.
2. Two wheeler drivers must put on helmet, and the car, and the Jeep drivers should use seat belt. Violating this rule one has to pay 100/- as fine under Motor Vehicle Act Article 138 (3) C.M.V.R 177.
3. Only two persons (driver and the back-seater) are allowed on the motor cycle.
4. Drinking or use of alcohol is totally prohibited while driving.
5. Traffic rules should not be violated and they should be strictly followed.

Question 12.
Write the harmful effects of liquor?
Drinking is one of the greatest factors of road accidents, which sometimes leads to even death. Wine reduces the efficiency of working and decreases physical mobility as well as controling power of brain. It also obstructs mental ability to understand speed and distance. Under the impact of drink the person loses temper and increases the possibilities of quarrel. Driving vehicle after drinking is a punishable offence.

Question 13.
Write a short note on – “If I a traffic police”?
If I a traffic police would help people to follow traffic rules politely. Ill not be harsh to them. Ill discharge my duty honestly. Ill give chance to people not to create chaos on road. Ill request government and people not to do demonstrations picketing on roads. Ill help victims of accidents being a responsible citizen and government servants.

Law and Indian Judiciary Additional Questions Solved

Law and Indian Judiciary Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
… are established to provide speedy and justice to all citizen by the government.
(A) High Court
(B) Supreme Court
(C) Lok Adalat
(D) Non of these

Question 2.
The first Lok Adalat was held in
(A) Mumbai
(B) Delhi
(C) Chennai
(D) None of these

Question 3.
The Apex court in India is
(A) High Court
(B) Supreme Court
(C) District court
(D) none of these
1. (C)
2. (B)
3. (B)

Law and Indian Judiciary Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What do you mean by independent and impartial judiciary?
By independent judiciary we mean it is independent from the control of legislature and executive. It provides justice without the influence of any government powers.

Question 2.
What is Judiciary?
All the courts at different levels in a country put together are called judiciary.

Question 3.
Give reason for the need of judiciary?

  • To interpret the constitution.
  • To protect fundamental rights.
  • To maintain the supremacy of constitution.

Question 4.
Give a flow chart of integrated Judiciary of India.
RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 15 Law and Indian Judiciary 1

single Integrated Judiciary

Question 5.
What is Jurisdiction?
Jurisdiction means the territorial limits within which courts authority may be exercised.

Question 6.
What is appellate?
The power to hear an appeal.

Question 7.
What do you mean by Court of records?
It means that the decision and decrees of the court that are kept as precedents for future reference in the dispensation of justice.

Question 8.
By whom the judges of the supreme Court appointed?

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