RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 20 Impact of British Rule in Indian Economy are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 20 Impact of British Rule in Indian Economy.
Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 20 Impact of British Rule in Indian Economy
|Chapter Name||Impact of British Rule in Indian Economy|
|Number of Questions Solved||11|
Rajasthan Board Class 8 Social Science Textbook Questions Solved
(i) The direct way to rob farmers by British was:
(a) direct loot
(b) making law
(d) free trade policy
(ii) Drain of wealth was first opposed by
(a) Pt. Motilal Nehru
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) Sardar Patel
Match part A with part B:
|Part A||Part B|
|1. Battle of Plassey||1717 BC|
|2. Farukh Siyar, Mughul Emperor allowed British Company to trade in the country without paying tax||1762 BC|
|3. Mir Kasim wrote a letter to Governor for not torturing Indian farmers.||1700 BC|
|4. British Parliament imposed complete ban on Indian clothes few except||1757 BC|
What is De-industrialization?
Deindustrialisation means the process of ruining the industries. The British adopted this policy to ruin the traditional Indian industries being run by the Indian artisans and sculptor as they could not stand in the competition of the machine made goods in Britain in the 19th century with the advent of the industrial revolution.
What is tariff policy? How did it affect the Indian Foreign Trade?
Tariff policy was adopted by the British empire by which heavy duty was imposed on the goods exported from India to England whereas the goods exported from England to India were totally tax free. This ruined the Indian industries because the goods from India to England became less in demand and hence less production in India. This was an intentional step of the British government to ruin the foreign trade of India. With the fall in demand, there was decline in the exports from India to England.
How European Industrial Revolution in 19th century affect the Indian Economy?
With the introduction of machines in the 19th century Europe, the goods manufactured were better in quality and also cheaper than the hand made goods. Consequently demand for the hand made goods in India fell and there was unemployment among the artisans and those engaged in handicrafts. Thus handicrafts workers in Bengal and many other parts of India got a great set back. The historians called this process as Deindustrialisation i.e. ruin of the traditional cottage industries.
Give the reasons behind the declining importance of Masulipatnam port?
(i) By the end of 18th century Bombay and Calcutta developed as new trade sea ports.
(ii)The old trading system of India declined.
(iii)A new colonial imperialist economic system developed.
(iv)The development of new seaports in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta were the cause of declining importance of Masulipatnam port.
RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Additional Questions Solved
Question 1. What is dominion?
When a powerful (militarily) country establishes its political and economic hold over the other country, the later becomes dominion of the former.
Question 2. Name the Portuguese sailor who discovered the sea route to India from Europe.
The Portuguese sailor was Vasco-De- Gama.
Question 3. What is Naik?
It means posts set up by the Portuguese on the Arabian sea routes to collect Octroi duty from the ships passing that way.
What is land revenue? How did land revenue exploit the peasants?
Land revenue was one of the means adopted by the East India Company to exploit the peasants. The company adopted arbitary policy to impose revenue on the peasants. Consequently the peasants stopped farming and thus their big farms were ruined.
What do you understand by the term ‘East Indian Man’?
The British used very big shipyards to trade with India, and they were known as ‘East Indian Man’.
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