RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 Industrial Scenario

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 Industrial Scenario

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 Industrial Scenario are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 6 Industrial Scenario.

Board RBSE
Class Class 8
Subject Social Science
Chapter Chapter 6
Chapter Name Industrial Scenario
Number of Questions Solved 13
Category RBSE Solutions

Rajasthan Board Class 10 Science Textbook Questions Solved

Question 1.
Choose the best option.

  1.  Which of the following is minerals based industry?
    (a) Cotton textile
    (b) Cement
    (c) Leather
    (d) Sugar
  2. Which industry is known as the seasonal Industry?
    (a) Ornament Industry
    (b) Granite Industry
    (c) Sugar Industry
    (d) Dairy Industry


  1. (b)
  2. (c)

Question 2.
Match the following:

  1.  Sugarcane                   (a) Cotton Textile Industry
  2.  Limestone                   (b) Hindustan Copper Limited
  3.  Copper                         (c) Sugar Industry
  4.  Mustard                       (d) Cement Industry
  5.  Cotton                          (e) Raw Oil Mill


  1. (c)
  2. (d)
  3. (b)
  4. (e)
  5. (a)

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks: –

  1. There is……… corporation for the development of cottage and small scale industries.
  2. The first cement factory was set up in………of…………district.
  3. Jodhpur is known for its…….. Khadi.
  4.  ………………in Jaipur is the world famous centre for the gold and Silver ornaments and
    the jewels.


  1. Rajasthan Small Scale Industries corporation.
  2. (a) Lakheri
    (b) Bundi
  3. Marino
  4. Johari Bazar

Question 4.
Classify Industries on the basis of size.
Answer :
Classification of Industries based on their size:

  • Cottage Industries include baskets making, knitting sweaters, making wooden goods, earthen pots. They need less capital investment, labour and electricity. These industries are mainly run by the family members in their own house. Most of the goods produced here are handmade.
    They are run in small factory areas and employ 10 to 100 labourers. Examples: match-sticks making, dyeing and printing, bricks making etc.
  • Large Scale Industries engage a large number of workers, need more capital investment and high level of technology. Some of them are industry cotton-textile, cement factory, Iron and Steel, automobile industry etc.

Question 5.
Which city of Rajasthan is known as ‘City of Garment’ and why?
Answer :
Bhilwara is known as the ‘City of Garment’ or Manchester of Rajasthan’ because Bhilwara district is the biggest centre of manufacturing cloth.

Question 6.
Why is the ‘Make in India’ programme launched?
Answer :
‘Make in India’ means manufacturing or producing all kinds for goods of our use in India and labelling them as ‘Made in India’ because the goods produced within the country will be cheaper and they will add to the national income by their export.

Question 7.
In how many types industries can be classified? Explain their examples.
Industries can be classified on the basis of their size, ownership and raw material, such as follows-

  1. On the Basis of Size:
    (a) Cottage Industries – basket weaving, knitting sweaters, making wooden goods, earthern pots. etc.
    (b) Small Scale Industries – Match-Stick, bricks, tie and dye-print industries.
    (c) Large Scale Industries – cotton textile, cement, Iron and Steel, and automobile industries.
  2.  On the Basis of Ownership:
    (a) Private Sector Industries as – All those which are run by an individual or a group of individuals. Example: Reliance.
    (b) Public Sector Industries as – Hindustan Aeronautic Limited and Hindustan Copper Limited.
    (c) Joint Sector Industries as – Maruti Udyog Limited.
    (d) Cooperative sector: Anand Milk Union Limited and Saras Dairy Cooperative Unit.
  3. On the Basis of Raw Material:
    (a) Agricultural as cotton textile and sugar industries.
    (b) Sea based as fishing oil, sea food processing.
    (c) Mineral based as Iron ore and ornaments.
    (d) Forest based as medicines/drugs, paper, furniture making industries.

Question 8.
What are cottage industries? Give few examples of them.
Cottage industries are small scale industries run by the family members from their own homes. The architects prepare the goods with their hands rather than the machines. Examples: basket weaving, poultry farming, sweater knitting, wooden tools, earthen pots, rope making etc.

Question 9.
Describe the Large Scale Industries of Rajasthan.
Large Scale Industries of Rajasthan:

  1.  Cotton – Textile Industry: It is the oldest industry of Rajasthan. The first Cotton Textile mill was established in 1889 at Beawar in the Ajmer district, but Bhilwara district is the main centre of producing readymade clothes in Rajasthan. Hence it is known as the ‘city of Garment’ or Manchester of Rajasthan. Jaipur, Jodhpur, Churu, Bikaner and Nagaur are the main centre of dyeing and printing or Bandhej. Jaipur and Jodhpur are famous for the stitched clothes.
  2. Cement Industry: First cement Industry was set up in 1915 at Lakheri in Bundi district. Raw materials such as limestone, gypsum for producing cement are sufficiently available in Rajasthan but Coal as a raw material for cement is brought from Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. Chittorgarh district is considered ideal for the production of cement because of the easy availability of raw materials for making cement. Beside there are cement manufacturing units in Jaisalmer, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Sawaimadhopur, Ajmer Udaipur and Banswara districts.
  3. Sugar Industry: It is agriculture based seasonal industry and is established mainly in the sugarcane producing region because sugarcane is its raw material. The first sugar mill was established in Rajasthan in 1932 in the private sector at Bhupal sagar in Chittorgarh district, presently not in operation. Simitarly another sugar industries not in operation are at Keshoraipatan in the Bundi district and Sri Sriganganagar.
  4.  Other Industries are as:

    • Engineering and Instruments Industry in Kota, Bharatpur, Jaipur, Ajmer and Alwar.
    • Chemical Industry in Deedwana, Kota, Alwar, Udaipur and Chittaurgarh.
    • Khetri Copper Complex in Jhunjhunu.
    • Hindustan Zinc Limited in Udaipur.
    • Electronics goods Industry in Bhiwari, Pilani and Jodhpur.

RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Additional Questions Solved

Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1.
In a…………..industry the crafstmen manufacture goods by using local raw materials.
(a) cottage
(b) large scale
(c) agro based
(d) small scale

Question 2.
……………is the leading producer ofcotton textile industry of India.

(a) Jaipur
(b) Bhilwara
(c) Kota
(d) Ajmer

1. (b)
2. (a)

RBSE Books Solutions Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
1.What are Special Economic Zones?
Special Economic Zones are established with the objective of speedy industrial development and increase in means  of employment.

(i) Discuss the role of industries in your day to day life.
We use many things in our daily life from waking up in the morning to till going to bed at night like – toothbrush and toothpaste soap, clothes, pen, paper, means of transport, cosmetics, computer, biscuit, utensils, watch etc. All these things are manufacturerd in one or another unit (Industry). In this way there is no field of life where Industries do not play.

RBSE Solutions Pdf Download Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What do you know about the Skill Development Scheme? Write a short note.
Skill Development Scheme means introducing professional education courses from the school level so as to prepare the students to get employment opportunities at the local level soon after completing education. In such a scheme beside industrial skill more focus is given on special skills related to electronics, electrical, food processing etc. which enable trainers either to start their own industry or to get employment. For this Enterprising Development Programme (EDP), Enterprising Skill Development Programme (ESDP), Business Skill Development Programme (BSDP), Industrial Motivating Compaign (IMC). Business and Educational Training etc. programes being run or introduced.

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