# RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3

RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3 is part of RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Maths. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3.

 Board RBSE Class Class 9 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 7 Chapter Name Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Exercise Ex 7.3 Number of Questions Solved 5 Category RBSE Solutions

## Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3

Question 1.
∆ABC and ∆DBC are two isosceles I triangles on the (RBSESolutions.com) same base BC and vertices A and D are on the same side of BC (see figure). If AD is extended to intersect BC at P, show that
(i) ∆ABD ≅ ∆ACD
(ii) ∆ABP ≅ ∆ACP (iii) AP bisects ∠A as well as ∠D
(iv) AP is the perpendicular bisector of BC.
Solution.
(i) In ∆’s ABD and ACD, we have
AB = AC (given)
BD = DC (given)
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆ACD
(by SSS congruency rule)
(ii) In ∆’s ABP and ACP, we have
AB = AC (given)
∠BAP = ∠CAP
and AP = AP (common)
[∵ ∆ABD ≅ ∆ACD => ∠B AD = ∠CAD => ∠BAP = ∠CAP]
∴ ∆ABP ≅ ∆ACP
(by SAS congruency rule)
(iii) We have already (RBSESolutions.com) proved in (i) that
=> ∠BAP = ∠CAP
=> AP bisects ∠A i.e. AP is the bisector of ∠A.
In ∆’s BDP and CDP, we have
BD = CD (given)
BP = CP [∵ ∆ABP = ∆ACP]
and DP = DP (common)
∴ ∆BDP ≅ ∆CDP
(by SSS congruency rule)
=> ∠BDP = ∠CDP
=> DP is the bisector of ∠D.
Hence, AP is the (RBSESolutions.com) bisector of ∠A as well as ∠D.
(iv) In (iii), we have proved that
∆BDP ≅ ∆CDP
=> BP = CP and ∠BPD = ∠CPD = 90°.
∴ ∠BPD and ∠CPD form a linear pair
=> DP is the perpendicular bisector of BC
Hence, AP is the perpendicular bisector of BC. Question 2.
AD is an altitude of (RBSESolutions.com) an isosceles triangle ABC in which AB = AC. Show that
Solution.
(i) In ∆ABD and ∆ACD, we have
AB = AC (given) (by RHS congruency rule)
=> BD = DC (by c.p.c.t)
(ii) ∵ ∆ABD ≅ ∆ADC (proved earlier)
=> ∠BAD = ∠DAC (by c.p.c.t)

Question 3.
Two sides AB and BC and median AM (RBSESolutions.com) of one triangle ABC are respectively equal to side PQ and QR and median PN of ∆PQR (see figure). Show that
(i) ∆ABM = ∆PQN
(ii) ∆ABC = ∆PQR Solution.
(i) In ∆’s ABM and PQN
AB = PQ (given)
AM = PN (given)
and BC = QR (given)
=> $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$BC = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$QR
=> BM = QN
∴ ∆ABM ≅ ∆PQN
(by SSS congruency rule)
(ii) In ∆ABC and ∆PQR
∵ ∆ABM ≅ ∆PQN [proved in (i)]
=> ∠B = ∠Q (by c.p.c.t)
AB = PQ (given)
BC = QR (given)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR
(by SAS congruency rule)

Question 4.
BE and CF are two equal altitudes of ∆ABC. By (RBSESolutions.com) using RHS congruency rule, prove that ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.
Solution. In ∆BFC and ∆CEB
∠BFC = ∠CEB = 90° (given)
hyp. BC = hyp. BC (common)
and altitude CF = altitude BE
=> ∆BFC ≅ ∆CEB
(by RHS congruency rule)
=> ∠B = ∠C
=> ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.
Hence proved.

Question 5.
∆ABC is an isosceles (RBSESolutions.com) triangle with AB = AC. Draw AP ⊥ BC to show that ∠B = ∠C.
Solution.
ABC is an isosceles triangle in which AB = AC Draw AP ⊥ BC
In ∆ABP and ∆ACP
hyp. AB = hyp. AC (given)
AP = AP (common)
and ∠APB = ∠APC = 90° (∵ AP ⊥ BC)
∴ ∆ABP = DACP
(by RHS congruency rule)
=> ∠B = ∠C (by c.p.c.t)
Hence proved. We hope the given RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3 will help you. If you have any query regarding RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 7 Congruence and Inequalities of Triangles Ex 7.3, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.