RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 Social reforms and Ideological Changes in India

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 Social reforms and Ideological changes in India are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given RBSE Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 Social reforms and Ideological changes in India.

Rajasthan Board Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 Social reforms and Ideological Changes in India

Board RBSE
Class 8
Subject Social Science
Chapter Chapter 19
Chapter Name Social reforms and Ideological changes in India
Number of Questions Solved 16
Category RBSE Solutions

Rajasthan Board Class 8 Social Science Textbook Questions Solved

Question 1.
Who established the Theosophical Society in India?
(a) Surji Bhagat
(b) Swami Vivekanand
(c) Sayyed Ahmed Khan
(d) Anne Besant
(d) Anne Besant

Question 2.
Who had founded Satya Shodhak Samaj?
(a) Jyotiba Phule
(b) Swami Dayanand
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Govind Guru
(a) Jyotiba Phule

Question 3.
Who had formed Brahma Samaj?
Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Question 4.
Write the contribution of Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan.
Sir Ahmed Khan’s contributions:

  • He launched a campaign to educate the Muslim Samaj and make it progressive.
  • His aim was to modernize the Muslim society through education and insisted upon them to give up their conventional rhetoric attitude.
  • He opened a school in Delhi and in 1875 he set up the Mohamedan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh near Delhi. This college was later converted to the Aligarh Muslim University. He is credited for spread of education in the Muslim society.
  • In the early years he also emphasised the need for unity among communities (Communial unity). He very often, said that the Hindus and the Muslims are the two eyes of Mother India. He had set up the Scientific society. He died at Aligarh in 1898.

Question 5.
Give a brief description of Maangarh Hatyakaand (Massacre).
Govind Guru worked day and night for the uplift of the scheduled castes. His aim was to eradicate the evils of drinking, dacoity, burglary etc. When he talked of economic reform especially as use of local goods, end to beggary etc. he was opposed by the British. In 1913 the British army attack on the meeting being held at Mangarh hill, in which 1500 persons were killed and Govind Guru was arrested.

Question 6.
What inspiration can be drawn from the life of Swami Vivekanand by the youth?
We all should be inspired by the true spirit of nationalism irrespective of our religious beliefs, because religion is within us. It is neither in the books nor in the teaching. It evolves from within us. Hindu religion specifically, sends the message of liberalism and universality to all in the world. True religion and service to God is to help the poor and the weaker sections of the society. Thus Vivekanand’s message to the youths was to rise above narrow communalism and to serve humanity.

Question 7.
Write the contribution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.
Ishwar Chand Vidhyasagar worked for the women education. Many girls schools were opened with his initiative. He was a great supporter of widow remarriage. He set an example by marrying his son to a widow. With his efforts the Widow Remarriage Act was passed in 1856.

Question 8.
Narrate the efforts made by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Swami Vivekanand towards Social Reforms.
Sati was a very dreadful condition, which was followed by the people in the shadow of custom. Raja Ram Mohan Roy of Calcutta (Kolkata) started a campaign against this social evil. He was in Radha Nagar of Bengal in Brahmin landlord family, he studied many languages and Vedic scriptures and translated Vedic literature in common language. Raja Ram Mohan Roy analysed the Indian scriptures and said that no where it is mentioned that a woman should sacrifice her life in the pyre of her husband’s death, on the basis of his arguments Raja Ram Mohan Roy pressurised British government to agree. In 1828 with his associates, he organized “Brahma Sabha’.

Next year it was renamed as “Brahma Samaj’. In the end under the pressure of Brahma Samaj, Government enacted a law in which punishment was suggested to the person who supported Sati Pratha. Those who helped in performing Sati were severely punished. Thus the evil of Sati Pratha was disappearing fast from the society.

Swami Vivekananda’s social reforms: In the end of the last decade of the 19th century the name of Vivekananda was a very well known. He took birth in Calcutta of Bengal on 12th January 1863 A.D. From his Guru he received knowledge of Vedanta. Ram Krishna gave him name Vividisha nanda’. He took part in the world parliament of religions held at Chicago in September 1893 A.D.

Vivekananda explained Hindu dharma continuous for two days to all intellectuals of the world and everyone was impressed by his talks.
He was grieved of poverty and poorness of India. According to him service of sufferers and poor is the true service to God. He wanted to eliminate poverty and untouchability from the society. According to him religion is the development of the conscience or goodliness present inside the man. Religion is neither in the books neither in religious principles. Through his message he developed the feeling of nationalism in people. He established Ramkrishna Mission in the name of his Guru. Ramkrishna Mission is servicing society in the whole country even today.

Question 9.
Describe the contribution of Arya Samaj.
Contributions of the Arya Samaj:
1. Opposition to child marriage.
2. Pursuance for women’s and Dalit’s right to read and know about the Vedas.
3. Spread of words like Swadharama, Swadesh and Swabhasha.
4. Participation of the members of the Arya Samaj in the national movement.
5. Spread of education through Arya Gurukuls and D.A.V Schools.

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Additional Questions Solved

I. Fill in the Blanks
Question 1.
…………. and ………………  were associated with women education.
(i) Mahatma Gandhi, Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(ii) Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(iii) Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Keshav Chandra Sen
(iv) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi

Question 2.
Jyotiba Phule was a social reformer of…………..
(iij Maharashtra
(iv) Andhra Pradesh

1. (c)
2. (b)

II. Match the following

1. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (a) Arya Samaj
2. Dayanand Saraswati (b) Abolition of Sati
3. Keshab Chandra Sen (c) Founded the Ramakrishna Mission
4. Tarabai Shinde (d) Stri Purush Tulna
5. Vivekananda (e) Brahmo Samaj

1. (b)
2. (a)
3. (e)
4. (d)
5. (c)

III. Answer one word

Question 1.
Who is known as the father of Renaissance?
Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Question 2.
When was Brahmo Samaj founded?

Question 3.
Who was Ramkrishna Paramhansa?
Guru of Vivekananda.

Question 4. Who was the founder of D.A.V?
Swami Dayananda Saraswati.

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