# RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Circumference and Area of a Circle Additional Questions

RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Circumference and Area of a Circle Additional Questions is part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Circumference and Area of a Circle Additional Questions.

 Board RBSE Textbook SIERT, Rajasthan Class Class 10 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 15 Chapter Name Circumference and Area of a Circle Exercise Additional Questions Number of Questions Solved 28 Category RBSE Solutions

## Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Circumference and Area of a Circle Additional Questions

Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1.
If circumference of a circle and perimeter (RBSESolutions.com) of a square are same then, [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) Area of circle = Area of square
(B) Area of circle > Area of square
(C) Area of circle < Area of square
(D) Nothing is definite
Solution :
(B) is correct option.

Question 2.
If sum of area of the circles of radius R1 and R2 is equal to the area of circle of radius R, then [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) R1 + R2 = R
(B) R12 + R22 = R2
(C) R1 + R2 < R
(D) R12 + R22 < R2
Solution :
(B) is correct.

Question 3.
In fig. OACB is a quadrant of circle with center O and (RBSESolutions.com) radius 3.5 cm. If OD = 2 cm, then area of shaded part will be :

(A) 6.482 cm2
(B) 5.485 cm2
(C) 4.485 cm2
(D) 3.485 cm2
Solution :
Area of shaded part = $$\frac { 1 }{ 4 }$$π(R2 – r2),

Thus, option (A) is correct.

Question 4.
Area of circle inscribed in a square of (RBSESolutions.com) side 6 cm will be : [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) 36π cm2
(B) 18π cm2
(C) 12π cm2
(D) 9π cm2
Solution :
Given
Side of square ABCD = 6 cm

Radius of circle inscribe in a square of radius (r) = $$\frac { 6 }{ 2 }$$ = 3 cm
Area of circle = πr2
= π × (3)2
= 9π cm
Thus (D) is correct.

Question 5.
The area of square inscribed in a (RBSESolutions.com) circle of radius 8 cm will be : [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) 256 cm2
(B) 128 cm2
(C)64 $$\sqrt { 2 }$$ cm2
Solution :
Given
Radius of circle (r) = 8 cm
∴ Radius of circle = 2 × 8 = 16 cm

∵ We know that diagonals of square (RBSESolutions.com) inscribed in a circle bisects at center of circle.
Thus AC = 16 cm
Let side of square = x cm
In right angled triangle ABC

Thus option (B) is correct.

Question 6.
If perimeter of a circle is equal to the (RBSESolutions.com) perimeter of a square then ratio of their area will be : [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) 22 : 7
(B) 14 : 11
(C) 7 : 22
(D) 11 : 14
Solution :
Let r is radius of circle and x is side of square.
Perimeter of circle = Perimeter of square

Area of circle : Area of square = 14 : 11
Thus, option (B) is correct.

Question 7.
The area of largest triangle which can be (RBSESolutions.com) drawn ¡n a semicircle of radius r : [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) r2
(B) $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$r2
(C) 2r2
(D) $$\sqrt { 2 }$$r2
Solution :
Let AB is diameter of semi-circle.
whose center is O and ΔABC is largest triangle which can be drawn in semicircle in which AC = BC
∠ACB = 90° (angle in semicircle is 90°)

Thus, ACB is right triangle
Let AC = BC = x
Radius of (RBSESolutions.com) semicircle = r (given)
In right angled triangle ABC,

Thus, option(A) is correct.

Question 8.
If π = $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$, then (RBSESolutions.com) distance covered in the revolution (in m) of a wheel of radius 35 cm will be : [CBSE 2013]
(A) 2.2
(B) 1.1
(C) 9.625
(D) 96.25
Solution :
Given
Diameter of wheel = 35 cm
∴ Radius of wheel (r) = $$\frac { 35 }{ 2 }$$ cm
Distance covered in 1 revolution by wheel = circumference of wheel
= 2πr
= 2 × $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × $$\frac { 35 }{ 2 }$$
= 110 cm = 1.1 m
Thus, option (B) ¡s correct.

Question 9.
The radius of a circle of circumference (RBSESolutions.com) equal to the sum of circumference of two circles of diameter 36 cm and 20 cm will be : [NCERT Exemplar problem]
(A) 56 cm
(B) 42 cm
(C) 28 cm
(D) 16 cm
Solution :
Diameters of two circles are 36 cm and 20 cm respectively so their radius r1 = $$\frac { 36 }{ 2 }$$ = 18 cm and r2 = $$\frac { 20 }{ 2 }$$ = 10 cm
Let R be the radius of required circle.
According to the question
Sum of circumference of (RBSESolutions.com) given circles = Circumference of required circle

Thus, option (C) is correct.

Question 10.
The diameter of a circle of area equal to sum of areas of (RBSESolutions.com) two circles of radius 24 cm and 7 cm will be : [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
(A) 31 cm
(B) 25 cm
(C) 62 cm
(D) 50 cm
Solution :
Given :
Radius of two circles r1 = 24 cm, r2 = 7 cm
Let R be the radius of required circle.
According to question
Sum of areas of two given circles = area of required circle

Thus, diameter of required circle = 2 × 25 = 50 cm
Thus, (D) is correct.

Question 1.
If radius of a circle is 14 cm, then find (RBSESolutions.com) area of circle. [M.S.N. Raj 2013]
Solution :
Given
Radius of circle (r) = 14 cm
Area of circle = πr2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × (14)2
= 22 × 14 × 2
= 616 sq cm
Thus, Area of circle = 616 sq cm

Question 2.
Find the area of sector of a circle of radius r, whose (RBSESolutions.com) angle is θ in degree. (MS.B. Raj 2014)
Solution :
Area of sector of circle whose radius r and angle is in degree θ, is
= $$\frac { { \pi r }^{ 2 }\theta }{ { 360 }^{ \circ } }$$

Question 3.
A sector of circle of radius r, whose angle In degree is O. Find the length of arc. (M.S.B. Raj 2015)
Solution :
A sector of circle of radius r, whose angle in degree is 9 then length of arc (l) = $$\frac { \pi r\theta }{ { 180 }^{ \circ } }$$

Question 4.
Find the area of circle whose (RBSESolutions.com) circumference is 44 cm. (M.S.B. Raj 2014)
Solution :
Given :
Circumference of circle = 44 cm
We know that
Circumference of circle = 2πr
44 = 2 × $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × r
r = $$\frac { 44\times 7 }{ 2\times 22 }$$ = 7 cm
Area of circle = πr2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × 7 × 7
= 154 sq cm

Question 5.
Find the area of major sector (RBSESolutions.com) corresponding to angle 120° In circle of radius 7 cm. (M.S.B. Raj 2015)
Solution :
Given : θ = 120° radius r = 7 cm
Area of major sector

Question 6.
Find the circumference of a (RBSESolutions.com) circle of diameter 14 cm. (M.S.B. 2015)
Solution :
Given
Diameter of circle = 14 cm
We know that
Radius r = $$\frac { 14 }{ 2 }$$ = 7 cm
Circumference of circle = 2πr
= 2 × $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × 7
= 44 cm

Question 7.
The diameter of a circular pond is 17.5 m. It is enclosed by a circular path of width 2 m. Find the cost of making this path at ₹ 25/m2. (NCERT Exemplar Problem)
Solution :
Let O is center of circular pond whose (RBSESolutions.com) diameter is 17.5 m and it is enclosed by a 2 m broad path. So radius of circular path.

r = $$\frac { 17.5 }{ 2 }$$ m
Radius of pond along with path (R)
$$\frac { 17.5 }{ 2 }$$ + 2
$$\frac { 21.5 }{ 2 }$$ m
Area of circular path

Making cost of path = 122.46 × 25 = ₹ 3061.50
Thus, cost of path = ₹ 3061.50

Question 8.
An arc of circle of radius 21 cm, subtends an (RBSESolutions.com) angle 60° at center, then find area of corresponding major sector. (BSER 2012)
Solution:
Let arc AB subtends angle 60° at center corresponding major sector angle
θ = 360°- 60° = 300°

Area of corresponding major sector

Thus area of corresponding major sector = 1155 cm2

Question 9.
Find the area of sector of circle (RBSESolutions.com) of radius 4 cm, whose angle is 60°. Also find area of corresponding major sector [π = 3.14] [M.S.R. Raj 2013]
Solution:
Radius of circle (r) = 4 cm
Angle of sector r(θ) = 60°

Angle of corresponding major sector = 360° – 60° = 300°
∴ Area of corresponding major sector

Thus area of sector = 8.37 cm2 (approx)
area of major sector = 41.87 cm2 (approx)

Question 10.
ln given figure, find the area of shaded part If ABCD is a (RBSESolutions.com) square of side 14 cm and APD and BPC are two semicircles. (CBSE 2012)
Solution :
Given: Side of square = 14 cm
Diameter of semi circle (AD = CB) = 14 cm
Radius of (RBSESolutions.com) semicircle (R) = $$\frac { 14 }{ 2 }$$ = 7 cm
∴ Area of square ABCD = (side)2
= 14 × 14 = 196 cm2
Area of semicircle = $$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$πr2
$$\frac { 1 }{ 2 }$$ × $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × 7 × 7 = 77 cm2
Area of two semicircle =2 × 77 = 154 cm2
∴ Area of shaded part Area of square ABCD – Area of two semicircles
= 196 – 154 = 42 cm2
Thus area of shaded part 42 sq cm

Question 11.
From each corner of square of side 4 cm, quadrant of (RBSESolutions.com) circle of radius 1 cm is cut and also a circle of 2 cm diameter is cut from middle as shown in figure. Find the area of remaining part of square. (CBSE 2012)

Solution :
Let ABCD is a square.
Its each side = 4 cm
∴ Area of square = (side)2
= (4)2 = 16 cm2
∴ Area of four (RBSESolutions.com) quadrants = 4 × $$\frac { 1 }{ 4 }$$πr2
= πr2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × (1)2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ sq cm
∵ Diameter of circle cut in center = 2 cm
Radius (R) = $$\frac { 2 }{ 2 }$$ = 1 cm
∴ Area of circle = πr2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × (1)2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ cm2
Now area of shaded part = Area of square – area of 4 quadrants – area of circle
= 16 – $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ – $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$
= $$\frac { 112-22-22 }{ 7 }$$ = $$\frac { 68 }{ 7 }$$
Thus, area of shaded part = $$\frac { 68 }{ 7 }$$ sq cm

Question 12.
In the following figure, find the area of shaded (RBSESolutions.com) portion. If AB = 5 cm, AC = 12 cm and O is center of circle. (MS.B. Raj. 2014)

Solution :
From figure it is clear that ∠BAC is angle is semicircle.
Thus, this a (RBSESolutions.com) right angled triangle
By Pythagoras theorem,
BC2 = AB2 + AC2
= (5)2 + (12)2
= 25 + 144
= 169
BC = 13 cm
Radius of circle R = $$\frac { 13 }{ 2 }$$cm
∴ Area of shaded portion = Area of semicircle – Area of ΔABC

Thus, area of shaded portion = $$\frac { 1019 }{ 28 }$$ sq.cm

Question 13.
Find the area of minor segment of (RBSESolutions.com) circle of radius 14 cm, whose central angle in 60°. Also find area of corresponding major segment. $$\left( \pi =\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \right)$$ (CBSE 2015)
Solution :
Given : Radius of circle = 14 cm
Angle subtended chord AB at O is 60°
Now Area of circle = πr2
= $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × (14)2 = 616 cm2
Area of sector AOB

Area of minor (RBSESolutions.com) segment = A a of sector AOB – Area of ΔAOB
= 102.67 – 84.87
= 17.8 cm2 (approx)
Area of major segment = Area of circle – Area of minor segment
= 616 – 17.8
= 598.2 cm2

Question 14.
In adjoining figure, OACB is a quadrant of a circle (RBSESolutions.com) with center O and radius 3.5 cm. If OD = 2 cm, then find the area of the following :

Solution :
Radius of circle (r) =3.5 cm and OD = 2 cm
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 4 }$$ × πr2
= $$\frac { 1 }{ 4 }$$ × $$\frac { 22 }{ 7 }$$ × (3.5)2
= $$\frac { 38.5 }{ 4 }$$ cm2
= $$\frac { 77 }{ 8 }$$ cm2 = 9.625 cm2
(ii) Area of quadrant OACB – Area of right triangle ΔOBD

= $$\frac { 77-28 }{ 8 }$$ = $$\frac { 49 }{ 8 }$$ cm2= 6.125 cm2
Thus, area of shaded part = 6.125 cm2

Question 15.
In given fig, O is center of the circle in (RBSESolutions.com) which AC = 24 cm, AB = 7 cm and ∠BOD = 90°. Find the area of shaded part. [π = 3.14] [CBSE – 2012]
Solution :
Given : O is center of circle. So BC is diameter of circle.
∠CAB = 90° (∵ Angle in semicircle is 90°)
∴ CAB is a right angled triangle. in which AC = 24 cm and AB = 7 cm
In right angled triangle CAB
BC2 = AC2 + AB2 (By Pythagoras Theorem)
⇒ BC2 = 242 + 72

⇒ BC2 = 576 + 49
⇒ BC2 = 625
⇒ BC = $$\sqrt { 625 }$$ = 25 cm
⇒ Radius (OC) = $$\frac { 25 }{ 2 }$$ cm
Now, area of shaded part = Area of (RBSESolutions.com) semicircle – area of right angled ΔCBD + area of quadrant BOD

So, area of shaded part = 283.97 cm2 (approx)

Question 16.
The sides of a triangles field are 15 m, 16 m and 17 m. For grazing in (RBSESolutions.com) field a cow a buffalo and a horse are tied at each corner of field by 7 m long rope separately. Find the area of that portion of field which will not be grazed by these animals. [NCERT Exemplar Problem]
Solution :
Let ABC ¡s triangular field with sides AB = 15 cm, BC = 16 m and AC = 17 m. A cow, a buffalo and a horse are tied at vertices of field A, B and C respectively and radius of each sector is 7 cm.

Question 17.
Three circles of equal radius 3.5 cm are drawn In which (RBSESolutions.com) each touches other two find the area enclosed by these circles. (NCERT Exemplar Problem)
Solution :
Taking A, B, and C as centers and radius 3.5 cm draw three circles in which each touches other two. Join AB, BC and CA.

AB = 3.5 + 3.5 = 7 cm
BC = 3.5 + 3.5 = 7 cm
AC = 3.5 + 3.5 = 7 cm
Thus, ABC ¡s an equilateral triangle
∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°
Area of sector with center A

∵ Radius and angle of three (RBSESolutions.com) sectors are same
∴ Area of three sectors = $$\frac { 3\times 38.5 }{ 6 }$$
= 19.25 cm2
Area of equilateral ΔABC
= $$\frac { \sqrt { 3 } }{ 4 }$$ × (side)2
= $$\frac { 1.732 }{ 4 }$$ × (7)2 = 21.217 cm2
Area of enclosed by three circles = Area of shaded part = Area of equilateral triangle – Area of three sectors
= 21.217 – 19.25
= 1.967 cm2 (approx)
Thus, area enclosed by three cicrles = 1.967 cm2 (approx)

Question 18.
In gives figure, in a quadrant OPBQ of a circle, (RBSESolutions.com) a square OABC is inscribed. If OA = 1 cm, then find area of shaded part.$$\left( \pi =\frac { 22 }{ 7 } \right)$$

Solution :
∵ OABC is a square
∴ OA = AB = BC = OC = 21 cm
In right angled ΔOAB
OB2 = OA2 + AB2
= (21)2 + (21)2
= 441 + 441 = 882
⇒ OB = $$\sqrt { 882 }$$ = 21$$\sqrt { 2 }$$ cm
∴ Radius of (RBSESolutions.com) quadrant (r) = 21$$\sqrt { 2 }$$ cm
Angle of sector (θ) = 90°

Area of square OABC = 21 × 21 = 441 cm2
= Area of quadrant OPBQ – Area of square OABC
= 693 – 441 = 252 cm2
Thus area of shaded part = 252 cm2

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